11 Stunning Flowers That Start With ‘C’ (with Pictures)

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by Max - last update on April 2, 2020, 2:10 am
Flower That Start With ‘C’

Have you ever wondered what flowering plants there are that begin with the letter ‘C’? Well, wonder no more! This list contains a variety of flowers whose common names all begin with ‘C.’

11 Types of Flowers That Start With ‘C’

1. Carpet Bugle

Carpet Bugle

Scientific Name: Ajuga reptans

Mature Size: Up to 3 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-9

Light: Partial shade to full shade

Water: Maintain moist soil

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: Blue

Special Features Adaptable to any lighting and soil conditions

Carpet bugle plants are noted for their interesting colored foliage, which can range from deep purple to gray-green. It features shocking blue flowers that adorn vertical spikes throughout spring. This is a flowering plant which, unusually, grows well in the shade. It works well as ground cover in shaded areas, such as under trees, where lawns may struggle to thrive. It will also tolerate full sun as long as it is grown in continuously moist soil, making this a very versatile plant for any area of the garden. The plant is cold hardy and will remain evergreen in most climates. It will adapt to most soil types, so long as they remain moist.


2. Cape Primrose

Cape Primrose

Scientific Name: Streptocarpus

Mature Size: Up to 1 foot tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 10-11

Light: Partial shade

Water: Average water needs

Soil: Well-draining, fertile

Flower Color: Purple, pink, blue

Special Features Long blooming period

These evergreen perennials are popular outdoor plants in warmer climates but are also widely kept as houseplants in regions that cannot accommodate their need for the heat outside all year round. They are native to mountainous regions of Africa, including Madagascar, and require growing conditions to mimic this environment. The common name of ‘cape primrose’ is a reference to the plant being native to South Africa, as well as how the flower of the plant bears a likeness to the Primula genus. The plants have a compact habit and produce large, showy flowers, which are usually pink, blue, or purple, often with delicate patterns marking the petals. Each flower has five petals and is similar in looks to the flowers of orchids. With a long blooming period of around 8 months each year, this is a great plant for flower lovers. It enjoys bright indirect light, but will also grow well in the shade, making it ideal for brightening up darker corners of gardens.


3. Chocolate Cosmos

Chocolate Cosmos

Scientific Name: Cosmos atrosanguineus

Mature Size: Up to 3 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10

Light: Full sun

Water: Average water needs

Soil: Fertile, well-draining

Flower Color: Dark red

Special Features Scented like chocolate

This elegant plant gives off an aroma that smells like chocolate, which makes it highly unusual and also explains its common name of ‘chocolate cosmos.’ The plant is perennial and grows from tubers. It produces deep, dark red open-faced flowers that have a velvet-like texture. They bloom atop of long and slender green stems from the middle of summer to the first frost. The plant is drought tolerant once established but prefers to grow in moist soil. They work well as border plants, in containers, and also in cut flower bouquets. Plant them in a spot where the scent can be appreciated, such as near a seating bench or walkway (Royal Horticultural Society).


4. Coral Bells

Coral Bells

Scientific Name: Heuchera

Mature Size: Up to 2 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Maintain moist soil

Soil: Well-draining, rich

Flower Color: Cream, pink, white

Special Features Colorful foliage

These plants are perennials that are renowned for their strikingly colorful foliage. All species of coral bells, of which there are over 30, are native to North America and are also commonly referred to as ‘alumroot.’ Forming compact mounds, coral bells plants have heavily lobed leaves, which can come in numerous colors, including bright scarlet, variegated dark purple, and orange with yellow borders. Coral bells plants produce panicles of blooms on tall woody stems arising high above the foliage mounds. They flower from spring right through to fall, with small bell-shaped blooms that can come in shades of pink and white. Coral bells are incredibly easy to grow, requiring almost no attention after they are planted. They will grow happily in full sun, though their soil must be kept moist in these conditions. They will also grow well in shaded areas, preferring their soil to be kept dry. They can be divided every 3 or 4 years to produce new plants.


5. Crape Myrtle

Crape Myrtle

Scientific Name: Lagerstroemia indica

Mature Size: Up to 12 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 6-9

Light: Full sun

Water: Average water needs

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: Pink

Special Features Received the Gold Medal Award from The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society

This award-winning crape myrtle is a deciduous shrub with an attractive ornamental look. The plant produces densely packed clusters of small frilly hot-pink flowers at the tips of stems and branches. They have a long blooming period, emerging in summer and lasting all the way through to fall, at which point they develop into pinky-red seed capsules that resemble berries, and persist throughout winter. The foliage of this plant is also attractive. It’s glossy leather-like leaves emerge in spring in shades of red, before becoming purple in the summer, and finally orange in fall before dropping from the tree for winter. This is an easy plant to grow, being tolerant of drought, cold, and poor soils.


6. Carnation

Carnation

Scientific Name: Dianthus caryophyllus

Mature Size: Up to 2 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-10

Light: Full sun

Water: Maintain moist soil

Soil: Well-draining, slightly alkaline

Flower Color: Yellow, white, pink, orange, red, purple

Special Features Low maintenance flowers

Carnations, as these plants are commonly known, are also sometimes called ‘clove pinks.’ These plants produce flowers atop of tall and sturdy gray-green stems, beneath which sits elegant gray-green foliage. Flowers range in color but are most commonly found in shades of pink. The blooms are double flowers with soft velvety petals that have serrated edges and form a ruffled shape, measuring up to 2 inches across. The flowers arrive in spring and last through to the middle of summer. They are thought to be native to the Mediterranean region and can be found growing as wildflowers in Italy, Spain, Greece, and Croatia. They work well in containers, borders, flower beds, and in cut flower bouquets. The plant is easy to grow and can be propagated by division every few years. They are attractive to a range of pollinators, including butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.


7. Calla Lily

Calla Lily

Scientific Name: Zantedeschia

Mature Size: Up to 2 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 8-10

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Maintain moist soil

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: White, yellow, orange, red, purple, pink

Special Features Excellent cut flowers

Calla lilies are native to South Africa and require a warm climate to thrive. They are not true lilies, though they are considered toxic if ingested, just like real members of the lily family. Calla lilies are commonly grown for use in cut flower arrangements as the flowers last well after being removed from the plant and are frequently found in bridal bouquets. The colorful blooms which are considered the flowers of the plant are, in fact, not true flowers at all but instead are spathes, which are a type of leaf bracket enclosing the inner flower. They come in a variety of colors, including pure white, yellow, pink, and orange. They are easy to grow and work well in both borders and containers.


8. Cow Parsley

Cow Parsley

Scientific Name: Anthriscus sylvestris

Mature Size: Up to 5 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Average water needs

Soil: Well-draining soil

Flower Color: White

Special Features Easy care

This elegant perennial is noted for its feather-like foliage and dainty flowers. It is easy to grow, with a vigorous growth habit, but unfortunately, it is short-lived. Its medium green leaves have a fern-like appeal, and the pretty white wildflowers emerge from umbrella-like structures to create large clusters of lacy blooms. Flowers arrive in the middle of spring and last until summer. This plant is very low maintenance and will grow easily from seed. It will grow in almost any soil conditions, as long as the soil is moist, though it does develop a tolerance for drought once mature. It will self-seed to create new plants unless its flowers are deadheaded.


9. Crocus

Crocus

Scientific Name: Crocus sp.

Mature Size: Up to 4 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-8

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Maintain moist soil

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: Yellow, white, purple

Special Features Flowers can open and close

There are many types of crocus plants, though they all share majestic flowers and are planted from bulbs. The foliage of the crocus is long and slender, creating a grass-like look. The flowers bloom at various times throughout the year, depending on the variety, though most appear in spring. They are available in a range of colors, including purple and yellow, and the flower is interesting in that it responds to its environment by closing or opening up. Bright light will encourage the flowers to open, but they will close in darkness or during rain. The bulbs of the plant remain in the ground throughout the year and will rebloom annually.


10. Columbine

Columbine

Scientific Name: Aquilegia vulgaris

Mature Size: Up to 2 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Maintain moist soil

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: Pink, purple, white, yellow, red

Special Features Showy flowers

This compact perennial grows in bushy clumps, with fern-like rounded foliage and pretty single or double flowers. Blooms arrive towards the end of spring and last for several weeks in various colors, including pink, white, and purple. They rise above the mound of foliage on upright, elegant stems. Cut back the stem of a flower once it has faded to encourage the production of new blooms. The plant grows best in full or partial sun and will thrive in any soil that drains well.

It cannot tolerate wet soggy soil, but also will not survive in dry soil, so it is important to regularly water your columbine plants. These plants are short-lived, and should be cut back to ground level once the foliage starts to die back; this is generally around the middle of summer. Columbines grow well in containers, borders, flower beds, rock gardens, and make excellent cut flower bouquets.


11. Clematis

Clematis

Scientific Name: Clematis

Mature Size: Up to 6 feet tall

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Maintain moist soil

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: Pink, blue, purple, white

Special Features Large, showy flowers.

Clematis plants are quick growing climbers that flower in abundance, with large, showy blooms. The plant typically blooms twice each year, first in spring to early summer, and second in late summer to fall. Flowers can measure up to 8 inches across, making a huge impact on a garden when in full bloom. Clematis can be found in numerous varieties that flower in an array of colors, including pink, purple, white, and blue. Deadhead the flowers as they fade, as this will encourage them to bloom again. As a climber, this plant will need support to grow, ideally a trellis or numerous tall stakes.

They grow easily with little attention, preferring a position of partial shade with moist, well-draining soil. Try to position your clematis so that it has sun in the morning and shade in the afternoon, especially during hot summers, when it would enjoy some respite from high temperatures. The roots like to remain cool, so shade them by growing low plants nearby, or cover the ground with mulch or gravel. This plant is enormously popular due to its low maintenance care requirements, its stunning showy flowers, and its ability to thrive in a variety of different climates.

 

11 Stunning Flowers That Start With ‘C’ (with Pictures)

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