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Grow and Care For Jasmine Plant (Jasminum)

by Max on Sun, 05/27/2018 - 20:27
Jasmine Plant

The Jasminum comes from a family of shrubs and vines, which largely make up the olives. There are approximately 200 different species of the Jasminum, among which only one originated from Europe.

The rest of them have their origins linked to the tropical areas of Asia, Australia, and the islands of the Pacific Ocean.

The name Jasmine is derived from the Persian language, and it was originally called Yasameen, which means “a gift from God.”

The flowers from the Jasmine plant have a very nice fragrance and is the main reason why many people cultivate it. Others cultivate them for their berries, which turn black when ripe.

Most Jasmine species are evergreen, but some of them have leaves that fall off during the autumn. With white, yellow, or in a few instances, red flowers, the plant stands out and is very attractive.

Different species have different types of leaves. Some have simple leaves, others trifoliate leaves, and still others have pinnate leaves.

Apart from the people who have large Jasmine farms for either the flowers or the berries, many others keep it as a house plant. Women in Southeast Asia are often seen with the Jasmine flower in their hair as part of their daily dressing.

More than just a decorative piece, the flower from the plant is also largely used in China and Japan to prepare the Jasmine tea, which the Chinese fondly refer to as Jasmine flower tea, and the Japanese “sanpin cha”.

In most of the Asian countries, especially in India, the Jasmine has great cultural importance. The flowers are used during domestic rituals, such as marriage ceremonies, and also during religious festivals as when the lord Jagannath is bathed in water scented with Jasmine.

Bunches of the Jasmine flower being sold at the entrance to the temples are a common sight in India and many other Asian countries.

It is also a favorite in the perfume industry.

Many other countries in Asia, and also Hawaii, look at the Jasmine plant as their national or state symbol.

Jasmine Plant Overview

Common name Jasmine
Scientific name Jasminum
Origin Asia, Australia, Oceania, Europe
Fertilizer Weak liquid fertilizer
Max Growth Varies with the species
Light Depends on the species
Water Should be lightly watered throughout the year
Temperature At least 40°F
Soil Well-draining soil
Humidity It is important to mist the leaves during the hot seasons
Propagation Can be done easily from stem tip cuttings
Pests Budworm, blossom midge, eriophyid mite
Repotting Should be done at the beginning of spring
Poisonous for Not toxic

Jasminum does very well when planted indoors and with minimal care. Because they don’t grow wide, you can place the pots you plant them in conveniently anywhere in your home.

You must, however, make sure to have a trellis because most types of Jasmines are actually vigorous climbers and they need the necessary support to be able to spread out.

Many people support their Jasmine plants with an arch. The plant twists around it, providing not only support but also a very beautiful focal point.

Jasmine Species

There are almost 200 different species of the Jasmine plant. Some of these primarily grow in the wild and do not have the signature fragrance that the plant is known for.

These are the most common varieties.

Jasminum Polyanthum

Jasminum polyanthum (Pink Jasmine, aka White Jasmine)
Jasminum polyanthum (Pink Jasmine, aka White Jasmine) 

This is the most popular among all the species of the Jasminum. It is known by different names, including Winter Blooming Jasmine, Pink Jasmine, and Chinese Jasmine. Others refer to it as simply Jasmine.

This particular species is a vining plant and will, therefore, require support for it to grow well. Frequent pruning is also very important to the Jasmine Polyanthum.

What sets it apart from almost all the other plants are the pink blossoms that it has during winter. They are much easier to take care of when planted indoors, unlike the other species that might need more detailed care.

Their strong fragrance, which becomes even more intense during the night, is well appreciated by many gardeners.

Primrose Jasmine (Jasminum Mesnyi)

Jasminum Mesnyi (Primrose jasmine,  Japanese jasmine)
Jasminum Mesnyi (Primrose jasmine,  Japanese jasmine) - Source: starr-environmental

The Primrose Jasmine, also called Japanese Jasmine, has long stems that can climb easily with no need for a trellis or any other support.

Most Primrose shrubs grow to a height of approximately 10 feet, and they also spread approximately 10 feet. It produces a lot of trumpet-shaped fragrant yellow flowers.

This particular species of Jasminum does better in a sub-tropical climate. Hard frost kills it, but it does rebound in some cases.

The plant requires light pruning, which should be done immediately after flowering. Don’t over prune it, though, to ensure that you maintain its graceful and arching appearance.

Orange Jasmine (Lakeview Jasmine)

Orange Jasmine (Murraya paniculata)
Orange Jasmine (Murraya paniculata)

The Orange Jasmine (also called Orange jessamine, Murraya paniculata) is closely linked to the citrus family. The plant has orange blossoms and it does best when planted in the outdoor gardens.

The leaves of this Jasmine species are oval with a deep green shine. In a mature plant, the leaves go up to 2 and 3/4 inches long. A mature Orange Jasmine plant will measure 8-12 feet.

Its fragrant flowers, which are formed in small clusters, always bloom in spring. It doesn’t do well in hot areas and should, therefore, be planted in a place where it receives the light from the morning sun and is in shade during the afternoon.

It is one of the best choices when you are looking to attract birds, butterflies, or bees to your garden.

It is among the non-vining Jasminum plants and, therefore, is mostly used to create very beautiful hedges. It can also be planted and kept as a small tree.

Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum Sambac)

Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum Sambac)
Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum Sambac)

The Arabian Jasmine originated in the eastern Himalayas. In the recent past, it has been localized in many different parts in the world.

A mature Arabian Jasmine will be about 3m tall with white, highly fragrant flowers. It is a favorite in Asia and is the Philippine national flower where the locals call it the Sampaguita. It is also one among the Indonesian national flowers where it is known as the Melati Putih.

The flowers of the Arabian Jasmine, which grow in the form of clusters of 3-12, bloom throughout the year.

Pinwheel Jasmine (Crepe jasmine)

Pinwheel Jasmine (Crepe jasmine)
Pinwheel Jasmine (Crepe jasmine)

Also called Tabernaemontana divaricata, the Pinwheel Jasmine is a fragrant shrub with curled white flowers, which look like the pinwheel. It can be grown evergreen with up to 10 feet in height and 6 feet in width. This plant can tolerate full sun or partial shade and is usually grown in USDA plant hardiness zones from 9 to 11.

Jasmine Plant Care Instructions

Light

Different Jasminum species require different light intensities. Many of the species do well in areas with ample light in the morning and partial shade in the afternoon.

For the indoor plants, it is important that they be placed in a room that is well lit and with proper air circulation. This will allow it to have snowy white blossoms in winter.

This plant can, in most cases, readily tolerate up to 4 hours of sunlight, but the intensity of light should be reduced in winter.

For a Jasmine plant that is planted outdoors, it is important that you create some shade for it during the hot season so that the heat from the sun does not directly hit it.

Soil

Jasmine Plant in Potting Soil

It is good to use soil that is porous when planting a Jasmine plant. The best way to modify the soil is by adding either coir or bark

Make sure that the soil remains moist but not mushy throughout the year. You also need to reduce the water levels during the period before the blooming stops.

When preparing to plant, prepare the soil well in advance and be sure to keep it watered at least once every day for three days before you use it to plant.

Fertilizer

Adding fertilizer to your indoor Jasmine plant is one of the most important aspects of its care. You’ll want to add slightly diluted house plant during the growing period.

When your plant starts to bloom, you can use a fertilizer high in phosphorous to make it bloom for a much longer time.

Water

Water the plant regularly and ensure that the soil remains moist all year round. Be careful not to overwater your Jasmine plant though. Overwatering can cause root rot.

A rule of thumb is that you should water the plant regularly but not to the point where the soil is soggy.

Propagation

It is much easier to propagate the vining Jasmine varieties than the non-vining Jasmines. Pick your cuttings from the plant during the time that you are re-potting to make it easier for you. To increase the chances of a success, you might consider using a rooting hormone.

You should place the cuttings in a location that is warm and bright with high humidity. Keep the supply of water to the cuttings steady but not high.

Re-Potting

The best time to re-pot the Jasmine plant is during spring. This is primarily because vining plants are pruned much more aggressively at the start of a growing season to control growth and also to give them support.

Pruning

Different species of the Jasmine plant have different pruning needs. But to keep your plant looking healthy and easy to manage, you should make a point of pruning it regularly.

Common Problems, Pests, and Diseases

Jasmine Plant Problems

Pests and Diseases

The Jasmine plant is not usually affected by pests and diseases. There are, however, times when other plants close to it attract diseases or pests to the plant.

Pests

Budworm

The larvae of this pest likes hiding in the cluster of the flowers as it feeds on the buds of the plant. This greatly affects the buds as they tend to fall off much more regularly. The extract from neem seed is very helpful in controlling this. Generously spray it on the whole plant.

Blossom Midge

The destructive maggots tend to attack the buds from the base. Swellings can then be seen at the base, which eventually leads to the plants having a stunted and dry look.

Collect and destroy all the affected flower buds. The best way to do this is to place all the infested buds in a sealable plastic bag to ensure the maggots don’t escape.

Eriophyid Mite

These very tiny pests are a great risk to the Jasmine plant as they are very tiny. The only sign of their presence can be seen by the type of damage seen on the plant. To control their spread, generously spray neem oil on all the affected plants.

Diseases

Leaf Blight

You can identify leaf blight with the red and brown patches that grow on the upper part of the leaf. This infection spreads very quickly during the wet seasons.

The leaves then start to curl and dry out, which causes a great reduction in flower production.

Rust

This is a fungal attack that mostly occurs in the parts of the plant that are exposed to the air. It is characterized by yellow and orange colored pores.

Both of these diseases can be treated by mixing baking soda and water, and then evenly spraying the mixture on the plant.

FAQs

1. What should I do when the flowers keep falling off my Jasmine plant?

Most of the time, the plants take time growing its roots before it starts keeping its flowers. It is important to keep a healthy watering schedule so that the plant is neither under-watered nor over-watered. You might also check for any pests that might have infested the plant.

2. What is the best time to re-pot a Jasmine shrub?

It is best to transplant Jasmine plants during the spring. That is the time when they are full of energy and the chances of successfully re-potting them are greater.

3. My Jasmine plant has healthy leaves but no flowers. What could be the problem?

Most of the time, if your Jasmine plant should have flowers but doesn’t, the most common possible cause of this is that it has more nitrogen than the plant needs and very little phosphorous. Adjust your potting mix or soil appropriately.


Conclusion

The Jasmine plant is one of the most beautiful and also useful plants that you can have around the home. They can keep your home very fresh with a pleasing fragrance. Arches decorated with Jasmines offer some of the best focal points, not forgetting the awesome tea that you can make with Jasmine.

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