23 Common Types Of Daisies (Photos & Details)

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by Max - last update on July 15, 2019, 7:03 am
Types of Daisies

The name ‘Daisy’ is said to have been derived from an Anglo- Saxon term, which quite literally translates to ‘days eye.’ The modest Daisy was referred to as a ‘days eye’ because of the way the flower petals curled inwards during darkness and then, spread out wide at the first sight of the sun in the morning.

Native to Europe, Africa, and North America, the Daisy is now a typical feature on every continent except for Antarctica. The common Daisy has multiplied so rapidly in the United States that it is now considered to be an invasive weed.

Fortunately, while most people are familiar with the common Daisy, there are actually numerous types of this plant available, many of which make lovely features in homes and gardens, and some are even cultivated for medicinal purposes. The Daisy belongs to the family Asteraceae, which boasts thousands of different species. The only plant family bigger than the Asteraceae family is the Orchidaceae, to which the orchid belongs. Covering every variety of Daisy would be a mammoth task, but if you are interested in finding out more about some of the most popular Daisy species, we have rounded up a list of the most popular.

Arctotis Daisies

This is a genus of daisies that encompasses over 60 species of flowering perennials. Daisies in this genus are native to dry regions of Southern Africa and are therefore more commonly known as African Daisies. They have typical daisy-shaped flowers, but exist in an array of colors, including orange, yellow, and brown. These daisies are now naturalized in the United States, where many hybrid varieties have been cultivated with an even larger range of color options. Unusually, some species of African Daisies do not have stems, the flower appearing directly among the foliage on the base of the plant.

Some of the Daisy types found in this genus are:

1. Arctotis acaulis

Hydrangea macrophylla pia

Credit to Stan Shebs

This African-originated perennial groundcover is recognized for its large orange, yellow, pink or red flowers with dark centers surrounded by an orange ring. It enjoys full sun, doesn't require much water and often blooms from spring to summer. Spreading low on the ground under 1 foot tall, arctotis acaulis can spread 2-3 feet, making it a great plant to cover large areas.

2. Arctotis grandis

Arctotis grandis

Credit to Magnus Manske

Also known as blue-eyed daisy, this plant is a rare daisy type originated from South African. As the name suggests, it has a stunning bluish dark center highlighted by an yellow outer string and white petals. The flowers bloom profusely in the summer. The grandis Arctotis can cover three inches or more with bloom growing up to 2".

3. Arctotis aspera

Commonly known as the Rough Daisy, this sturdy perennial hails from the belt of natural woodland, shrubland, and forest running through the Western and Eastern Capes of South Africa, known as the Fynbos ecoregion. Once mature, this plant can survive on very little water. It has a spreading habit, typically covering ground 3 to 4 feet across and growing up to 8 feet tall. The flowers have a usual Daisy look about them, with yellow centers and white or purple outer petals that are darker on the underside.

4. Arctotis revoluta

Known more commonly as the Curly Leaf Arctotis, this virulent shrub grows with vigor in almost any habitat. It is unfussy with regards to soil type and will grow well in rocky or sandy areas, gardens, as well as in coastal regions. When planted this, Daisy will need to be watered consistently, but once established, it needs very little water. Both the disc florets and ray florets are a vibrant yellow, while the foliage presents an interesting shape in which the leaves roll underneath themselves around the edges. This is where the plant gets its scientific name from, as ‘revoluta’ translates to ‘rolled backward.’

This plant will need to be replaced every four to five years to prevent it from getting too woody. It can be propagated easily from stem cuttings and makes the excellent ground cover in a garden as it spreads rapidly.

Bellis Daisies

This genus of daisies incorporates the English Daisy, Bellis perennis, which is also referred to as the common Daisy or lawn Daisy. This is the typical Daisy from which children make Daisy chains, with vibrant yellow and surrounding white petals. The Bellis genus is fairly small, with twelve species of daisies, all of which resemble the familiar common Daisy in terms of shape and style. Daisies in this genus range between 2 and 8 inches tall, with a single flower on an erect stem.

Some of the species found in this genus are:

5. English daisy

English daisy

The English daisy, or Bellis Bellis Perennis is a popular daisy easily found in the lawns, hence also called the 'lawn daisy'. This low-growing plants enjoy cool season, and shady locations. So it often and bloom in mild weather, often in from April to June grown outdoors, or early in the spring when grown indoors. It has a variety of flower colors, including blue, white, pink and red

6. Bellis annua

Bellis annua

Credit to Javier martin

As the name suggests, this is an annual Daisy. It is the only annual Daisy in the Bellis genus, with all others being perennial. It has much in common with the common Daisy, including its coloring and its medicinal properties. The main thing that distinguishes this annual Daisy from the common Daisy in terms of its appearance is the size of the flower. Annual Daisy flowers tend to be smaller, with a diameter of around 12mm.

7. Bellis cordifolia

This species is native to Africa, though is now most typically found in Spain. It is now endemic in the Los Alcornocales Natural Park, though numbers of this Daisy are dwindling due to wildfires, the demands of livestock and the plant’s low seed production. The plant, unfortunately, does not have legal protection, though measures are in place in Spain to help secure the plant’s survival. Appearance wise, this Daisy is very similar to the Bellis sylvestris, with white and yellow flowers on tall, erect stems, and large downy foliage at the base.

Argyranthemum Daisies

This genus of daisies is made up of a colorful array of species, all of which are the result of hybrid cultivars. They have become popular in gardens due to their vibrant flowers which bloom in shades of pink, yellow, blue, and white. This genus of daisies is also popular with bees.

Some of the species found in this genus are:

8. Argyranthemum frutescens

Bellis annua

Credit to Dryas

Commonly known as the Marguerite Daisy, this pretty flowering plant is native to the Spanish Canary Islands, though it has been naturalized in the United States and Italy. To thrive, this perennial shrub needs plenty of sunlight, well-draining soil full of organic matter, and a warm temperature. It will not tolerate strong wind or below freezing temperatures and must be protected from these to survive. It flowers during spring and summer, with blooms in shades of white, yellow, and pink.

9. Argyranthemum foeniculaceum

Commonly referred to as the Royal Haze or the Canary Island Marguerite, this species is native to the Canary Islands but is now naturalized in Australia and the US. It is a compact shrub that can be identified from its striking blue-green foliage. Flowers are of a typical Daisy appearance, measuring around one inch across.

Monoptilon Daisies

Native to the United States, this small genus of daisies are found across the southwest desert, in their largest numbers in the Mojave Desert. Flowering towards the end of winter, these plants are well equipped to thrive in dry and vast open habitats.

The two species found in this genus are:

10. Monoptilon bellidiforme

Commonly known as the Small Desert Star, this flowering plant has stalks so short that the flowers can appear as if they are at ground level. The small flowers are yellow and white, with the ray florets being just 5 or 6mm long. The dainty leaves give a cute look to the plant, at a maximum of 1 cm long. Growing in typical sandy desert habitats, this plant thrives in dry climates.

11. Monoptilon bellioides

Monoptilon bellioides

Credit to Stan Shebs

Despite being commonly known as the Mojave Desert Star, this annual herb is found in both the Mojave Desert and the Sonoran Deserts, while the Monoptilon bellidiforme is found primarily in the Mojave. Native to Mexico, as well as Arizona, California, and Nevada in the United States, this plant is sometimes difficult to distinguish from the very similar looking Small Desert Star. The key differences are that the Mojave Desert Star tends to have a marginally bigger flower, and its stems are a purple-red color, unlike the Small Desert Star, which has yellow-green stems. The disc florets are yellow, while the ray florets are white, sometimes tinged with pink.

Chrysanthemum Daisies

The first Chrysanthemums, found in China, were a golden yellow, and this is how the genus got its name. ‘Chrysos’ translates from Greek to ‘golden,’ while ‘anthemom’ means ‘flower.’ They are alleged to have healing properties and have been used in herbal medicine to lower blood pressure and cholesterol. Known as the oldest medicinal material in China, Chrysanthemums have been linked to slowing down the process of aging and also as an aid for inflammation of the eye.

Some of the species found in this genus are:

12. Chrysanthemum indicum

Chrysanthemum indicum

Credit to KENPEI

Commonly called the Indian Chrysanthemum, this flowering plant grows up to 24 inches tall and blooms throughout summer to early fall. The flowers are typically yellow, though they can also be white. The immature foliage of this plant can be used to make tea, while the flowers are sometimes pickled in vinegar.

13. Chrysanthemum morifolium

Chrysanthemum morifolium

Credit to Prenn

It’s not hard to see why this Chrysanthemum is known as the Florist's Daisy. It boasts strikingly beautiful blooms that are popularly used for bouquets of cut flowers. This variety tends to have double-layered flowers, which give a very full pom-pom like appearance, blooming when the day has less than 14 hours of sunlight. Growing up to 35 inches in height, this perennial features flowers on upright stems and foliage that can span up to 5 inches long. Known for its excellent air-filtering properties, this species is also enormously popular as a houseplant.

Townsendia Daisies

This genus of daisies was named after David Townsend by William Jackson Hooker, who discovered them in 1833. David Townsend was local to Chester County in Pennsylvania and was a devoted amateur botanist who sent Hooker a large variety of plants from the region. The genus comprises of 25 species, all of which are native to North America.

Some of the species found in this genus are:

14. Townsendia florifer

Townsendia florifer

Credit to Matt Lavin

Featuring a typical Daisy-style flower, this biennial wildflower can be found across the USA from the east of the Cascade to the east of Idaho, and southwest of Montana. This low-growing plant can spread to 16 cm and has lots of flower heads with white or pink petals and a golden-ring center.

15. Townsendia incana

Townsendia incana

Credit to Matt Lavin

The Latin ‘incana’ translates to ‘hoary,’ which describes a white webbing effect. This is a reference to the white hairs on the stems of this plant, which are so prominent it makes the stems and foliage appear almost silver in color. More commonly known as an Easter Daisy or Silvery Townsendia, this plant is very attractive. The flowers sit on stems at an equal level with the foliage, given a full and almost bouquet style look. The plant typically features a high proportion of flowers for its size, making it a very cheerful-looking species.

Osteospermum Daisies

These daisies are native to Africa, but due to their popularity, they can now be found in numerous regions around the world. Known more commonly as Daisy Bushes, this genus of plants are perennials. They are commonly mistaken for Dimorphotheca, or some people think the two types of plant are one and the same. Although physically, they are difficult to differentiate, the Dimorphotheca are annual plants.

Some of the species found in this genus are:

16. Osteospermum ecklonis

osteospermum ecklonis

With yellow and white or purple flowers which are rich in pollen, this plant is known to attract bees. The underside of the white petals is tinged with blue, while the foliage is green. This perennial grows best in an area sheltered from the wind. It thrives in full sun and requires well-draining soil. It is not frost-tolerant, so in colder regions, it will need to be kept in a portable pot and be overwintered inside, or alternatively, you can treat it as an annual. The flowers bloom for most of the summer, in July and August. It can grow quite large, up to around four feet in height and three feet in width.

17. Osteospermum jucundum

Osteospermum jucundum

Credit to nhq9801

Commonly referred to as the Delightful African Daisy, this plant is one of the most popular in the Osteospermum genus. It has large daisy style flowers in a pink-purple color, with dark centers. The gray-green foliage is pleasantly scented. The plant will thrive in full sun and requires a moderately moist, well-draining soil. Propagation of this plant can be achieved through stem cuttings taken in spring or fall.

Gerbera Daisies

This genus of daisies is one of the most commonly known around the world. They are cultivated for use in bridal displays, cut flower bouquets, and as houseplants. These flowers were named after Traugott Gerber, a German doctor and botanist who studied plants around Europe. Many hybrids have been developed to create a vast array of colors and styles, and typically these have been cultivated from two of the most popular Gerbera species, detailed below.

Some of the species found in this genus are:

18. Gerbera jamesonii

Gerbera jamesonii

Commonly known as the Transvaal Daisy or the Barberton Daisy, this perennial plant produces flowers in shades of red, pink, orange, and yellow. Though its flowers do bear a resemblance to what most people typically expect Daisies to look like, it is probably among the least Daisy-looking plant of all the daisies and is easily distinguishable as its own species.

The Gerbera jamesonii is named after Robert Jameson, who first described the plant in 1889 after collecting species during a trip to the Barberton district five years earlier. Almost all commercially grown varieties of Gerbera stem from the initial crossing of the Gerbera jamesonii and Gerbera viridifolia, and considering that it has become one of the most popular ornamental plants in the world, these varieties are economically significant.

19. Gerbera viridifolia

Gerbera viridifolia

Credit to JMK

As a co-parent of the popular hybrid Gerberas commonly found in almost every florist shop around the world, this species is an important Daisy. Native to Africa, this plant is now widespread across the continent, typically appearing in regions that experience a moderate to a high degree of rainfall. Commonly known as the Blushing Barberton Daisy, this plant features flowers ranging from cream in color to variations of lilac and deep purple. This variety grows easily from seed and therefore makes a very rewarding choice of plant to grow in your home or garden. It flowers most profusely in spring but will generally bloom sporadically all year long.

Leucanthemum Daisies

‘Leucanthemum’ translates from Greek to mean ‘white flower.’ Species in this genus can be exceptionally tall, with some stems reaching over six feet tall.

This genus is home to the Shasta Daisy, which is a commonly grown garden perennial and easily the most popular plant in the Leucanthemum genus. Predominantly distributed across Europe, this genus features many hybrids which have been cultivated for use as ornamental plants.

Some of the species found in this genus are:

20. Leucanthemum x superbum

Leucanthemum x superbum

Commonly known as the Shasta Daisy, this is a perfect low-maintenance perennial that offers good space coverage along with pretty summer blooms. It offers a balance between the look of a common Daisy along with foliage, which is green year-round in many climates. Growing this species is easy if you can provide the appropriate conditions. The Shasta Daisy requires well-draining, fertile soil and moderate watering.

They can be grown in both full sun or partial sun locations but will not tolerate overwatering. Keep the soil they grow in topped up with organic matter to help them thrive. These plants don’t last very long, flowering for only a few years in a row. To keep your Shasta Daisies continually appearing, introduce new plants to your garden every year. Aside from deadheading spent flowers, this plant requires very little maintenance. Once flowers have ceased production in late summer or early fall, you can drastically cut foliage back to help encourage growth next year.

21. Leucanthemum vulgare

Leucanthemum vulgare

This species is most commonly known as the Oxeye Daisy but is also sometimes referred to as Dog Daisy or Moon Daisy. It is a pretty grassland perennial, typically growing in meadows, pastures, and wasteland. At around 20 inches tall, the plant is of medium height, with single flowers sprouting from upright stems. Its toothed foliage is quite distinctive, with leaves being larger at the base of the plant, diminishing in size as they get closer to the top of the stem. The Oxeye Daisy prefers well-draining soil, but it will typically grow anywhere that is not soggy. This plant relies solely on seed to regenerate, though seeds can be successfully sown at any time of year. The Oxeye Daisy grows quickly compared to other wildflowers, but it lacks staying power, usually dying off after two or three years.

Echinacea Daisies

These plants feature spiky flower heads from which the genus got its name. ‘Echinacea’ is derived from the Greek word ‘echinos,’ which translates to ‘hedgehog’ or ‘sea urchin,’ referencing the spikes in the center of each flower. More commonly known as Coneflowers, plants in this genus are found only in central and eastern North America. They are drought tolerant, typically growing in woodland and prairies. While some Echinacea varieties are grown specifically for their attractive flowers, some are cultivated for use in alternative medicine. Herbal remedies containing Echinacea are said to help with various ailments, including anxiety, immune system conditions, skin complaints, and inflammation.

Some of the species found in this genus are:

22. Echinacea pallida

Echinacea pallida

Credit to yewchan

More commonly known as the Pale Purple Coneflower, this plant features charming drooping petals in a shade of pink-purple that give the effect of a draped dancers skirt blowing in the wind. The plant is native to the central United States, commonly found in its largest numbers throughout the Mississippi Valley. It can also be found as far north as New England, Michigan, and Ontario, but this is most likely through introduction.

The flowers are popular with butterflies, and so, should be planted in gardens of anyone who is trying to attract these beautiful pollinators. At around four feet tall, this plant can stand out from the crowd. It should be grown in well-draining soil in a position of full sun. A sheltered spot that is protected from heavy rainfall would be ideal.

23. Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea purpurea

Credit to col_and_tasha

Known as the Purple Coneflower or Eastern Purple Coneflower, this plant is found across much of the United States and some of Canada. In the wild, the cone-shaped heads of the flower are usually purple, though many cultivars and colors of this species exist, some of which have gained recognition by winning the prestigious Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. Often cultivated for its medicinal uses, this species is economically significant for the pharmaceutical business. All parts of this plant reportedly stimulate a person's immune system, and so, it is found in many herbal remedies and other medicines.

Sources:

PlantZ Africa

Southwest Colorado Wild Flowers

Royal Horticultural Society

BBC Gardeners World Magazine

Medical News Today

Gardenia

The Old Farmers Almanac

Garden Design Magazine

Better Homes and Gardens

23 Common Types Of Daisies (Photos & Details)

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